How “Crypto” Currencies Work – A Brief Overview Of Bitcoin, Ethereum & Ripple

“Crypto” – or “crypto currencies” – are a type of software system which provides transactional functionality to users through the Internet. The most important feature of the system is their decentralized nature – typically provided by the blockchain database system.

Blockchain and “crypto currencies” have become major elements to the global zeitgeist recently; typically as a result of the “price” of Bitcoin skyrocketing. This has lead millions of people to participate in the market, with many of the “Bitcoin exchanges” undergoing massive infrastructure stresses as the demand soared.

The most important point to realize about “crypto” is that although it actually serves a purpose (cross-border transactions through the Internet), it does not provide any other financial benefit. In other words, its “intrinsic value” is staunchly limited to the ability to transact with other people; NOT in the storing / disseminating of value (which is what most people see it as).

The most important thing you need to realize is that “Bitcoin” and the like are payment networks – NOT “currencies”. This will be covered more deeply in a second; the most important thing to realize is that “getting rich” with BTC is not a case of giving people any better economic standing – it’s simply the process of being able to buy the “coins” for a low price and sell them higher.

To this end, when looking at “crypto”, you need to first understand how it actually works, and where its “value” really lies…

Decentralized Payment Networks…

As mentioned, the key thing to remember about “Crypto” is that it’s predominantly a decentralized payment network. Think Visa/Mastercard without the central processing system.

This is important because it highlights the real reason why people have really began looking into the “Bitcoin” proposition more deeply; it gives you the ability to send/receive money from anyone around the world, so long as they have your Bitcoin wallet address.

The reason why this attributes a “price” to the various “coins” is because of the misconception that “Bitcoin” will somehow give you the ability to make money by virtue of being a “crypto” asset. It doesn’t.

The ONLY way that people have been making money with Bitcoin has been due to the “rise” in its price – buying the “coins” for a low price, and selling them for a MUCH higher one. Whilst it worked out well for many people, it was actually based off the “greater fool theory” – essentially stating that if you manage to “sell” the coins, it’s to a “greater fool” than you.

This means that if you’re looking to get involved with the “crypto” space today, you’re basically looking at buying any of the “coins” (even “alt” coins) which are cheap (or inexpensive), and riding their price rises until you sell them off later on. Because none of the “coins” are backed by real-world assets, there is no way to estimate when/if/how this will work.

Future Growth

For all intents-and-purposes, “Bitcoin” is a spent force.

The epic rally of December 2017 indicated mass adoption, and whilst its price will likely continue to grow into the $20,000+ range, buying one of the coins today will basically be a huge gamble that this will occur.

The smart money is already looking at the majority of “alt” coins (Ethereum/Ripple etc) which have a relatively small price, but are continually growing in price and adoption. The key thing to look at in the modern “crypto” space is the way in which the various “platform” systems are actually being used.

Such is the fast-paced “technology” space; Ethereum & Ripple are looking like the next “Bitcoin” – with a focus on the way in which they’re able to provide users with the ability to actually utilize “decentralized applications” (DApps) on top of their underlying networks to get functionality to work.

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What Can I Use Bitcoins For?

Practically, almost any product or service that can be bought with dollars or other currencies can also be bought with bitcoins. On the other hand, the high volatility of bitcoins is a huge risk for some people that might want to use this cryptocurrency, but they are afraid about price differences. Even so, the characteristics of bitcoins make them perfect for internet payments:

1. Fast transactions

A bitcoin transaction is processed in 10-15 minutes. In case of a bank transfer, it might take hours or even days for the money to get from one account to the other. Some might say that PayPal or other ewallets are even faster. It is true, but there are other aspects that ewallets can’t give: privacy and smaller commissions.

2. Privacy

When you send bitcoins to a partner over the internet, the transaction will be registered in a blockchain. The list of transactions is public, and it can be verified on specialized websites. Only the identification number, the sum and the time are recorded. There is no way for somebody to find out from where the bitcoins come, and where they go. This is characteristic of bitcoins attracted many people. Well, some of those are interested about it because they can buy illegal goods with those, but the majority of bitcoin users are people that want to buy legal items and services, but which don’t want to disclose their identity. Porn and gambling websites might be immoral, but they are not illegal, so people that want to subscribe for those services can safely pay in bitcoins on the websites that accept this currency, knowing that their reputation will not be affected.

3. Smaller commissions

The average commission is 0.002 BTC for a transaction. It is significantly smaller compared with the PayPal or banking commissions. Moreover, you are not even obliged to pay it. By paying a commission, you “reserve” the computational power of a pool (or at least a part of it), to process your transaction faster. You even have the possibility not to pay the commission. In this case, you might need to wait two or even three days for your transaction to be processed. If you are not in a hurry, this might be the perfect opportunity to make money transactions with zero costs.

Of course, there are also disadvantages for using bitcoins, such as the possibility to lose them. If somebody steals your bitcoins, or if you delete the wallet files, it is impossible to recover those. As long as the bitcoin is not regulated, there is no central organism for arbitrage between divergent parts. In other words, you can’t complain if you lose or you are robbed by your bitcoins, simply because there is nobody to complain to.

Bitcoins are only a part of the cryptocurrency world,

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